The effect of the active thinking model on learning the skills of serving and receiving in volleyball
The importance of the current study lies in the use of a modern educational model that keeps pace with the progress and development of the era, which is the (active thinking) model, which represents one of the models of the constructivist theory that makes the student a focus and part of the educational process and a participant in it. And receiving it in volleyball. The research aimed to identify the effect of active thinking for young players, and to identify the preparation of educational units using the active thinking model to learn the skills of serving and receiving volleyball for young players. The two researchers followed the experimental approach in solving the research problem. The research community was identified with young players aged (14-16) years for the clubs of the Middle Euphrates governorates in volleyball for the sports season (2020-2021), amounting to (72) players, representing (6) clubs, which are (Al-Daghara, Al-Hindiya, Al-Kufa, Al-Qasim, Al-Mashkhab, and Al-Rawdatain), and the researcher excluded the free player (the libero); For the lack of search requirements in them, who numbered (6) players, and thus the total number of the tow researchers community became (66) players, and then the main research sample was chosen from the Kufa Club players by the intentional method, whose number is (12) players, as they represent (18.18%) From the original community, they were distributed equally into two groups (control and experimental) in a random manner. The researchers verified the results using the (SPSS) system. The conclusions are to encourage teaching using the active thinking model to interact with the two skills to be learned in volleyball, and that the experimental group players' acquisition of various skills such as planning, organizing, text review and editing through the active thinking model contributed significantly to their superiority over the control group players. In addition to asking questions and raising them and their positive participation during the lesson, the use of this model helped to enable the players to generate questions and ask them during the lesson. The two researchers recommended that teaching should be encouraged to use the active thinking model to interact with the two skills to be learned in volleyball, as well as to ask questions and raise them and their positive participation during the lesson. Forms of learning to perform one skill in line with the nature and performance of the game of volleyball and its skills and the performance of these exercises in different circumstances
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