Emotional self-control among ground tennis and table tennis players for the disables


  • Raghdaa Fouad Mohammed Physical Education and Sport Sciences college for women / University of Baghdad
  • Sahira Razzaq Kadhim Physical Education and Sport Sciences college for women / University of Baghdad
  • Mahfoodha Al-kitani Education College, Sultan Qaboos University - Oman https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3134-7886




Emotional self-control, Table tennis for the disabled, Tennis for the disabled


Emotional self-control is an important factor in terms of the player’s ability to raise the level of performance and control his behavior, and it is considered a risk factor when it is low such that the player deviates from his normal behavior. Low self-control is nothing but difficulty in controlling the self and issuing abnormal behaviors such as extreme anger and thus the influence negatively in the level of performance. As for the research problem, the researchers noted that they suffer from psychological problems as a result of neglecting and lack of proper attention to them. The player sees himself as marginalized and no one cares about his disability and his psychological and social problems that require special care from everyone. The goal of the research is to prepare measures of emotional self-control. For tennis and table tennis players for the disabled, identifying the degree of emotional self-control for tennis and table tennis players for the disabled. As for the hypothesis, there are no statistically significant differences in the degree of emotional self-control between the arithmetic mean and the hypothetical mean among tennis players. As for the fields, the human field for disabled tennis and table tennis players, the time field for the period from 3/23/2023 to 5/3/2023, the spatial field is in the tennis courts in the International Al-sh’ab Stadium and the halls of the Sub-Union and table tennis for people with disabilities. The researchers followed the descriptive approach by relying on the research sample, which represented 100% of the research community, which was represented by table tennis and tennis players in sports clubs and committees for males and females and for the sports season (2021-2022). They numbered (62) male and female players, and the researchers took (12) male and female players for the purpose of conducting the exploratory experiment, and the application sample included (50) male and female players. The conclusions were that the tennis and table tennis players for the disabled had an average score according to their responses on the emotional self-control scale, and this achieves one of the sustainable development goals of the United Nations in Iraq which is (Quality Education). The recommendations highlight the role of disabled players as a topic that deserves further research in the field of sports psychology and other variables.


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How to Cite

Raghdaa Fouad Mohammed, Sahira Razzaq Kadhim, & Mahfoodha Al-kitani. (2023). Emotional self-control among ground tennis and table tennis players for the disables . Modern Sport, 22(4), 0060-0073. https://doi.org/10.54702/ms.v22i4.1174